Gum Disease Treatment

Gum Disease Treatment

Periodontal (Gum) disease is an infection of the tissues surrounding the teeth, most common problems are, gums become swollen, red, and may bleed. Gum & bone disease which includes diseases Iike Gingivitis & Pyorrhea.

Gingivitis

Gingivitis is a non-destructive disease that occurs around the teeth.
  • Gingivitis means inflammation of the gums, generally occurs because of plaque that accumulates around the teeth.
  • In gingivitis there is no bone destruction, so it is a non-destructive type of periodontal disease but if left untreated it can continue to periodontitis & involved teeth may eventually be lost.
  • The main signs are red and puffy gums, bleed easily when brushing.
  • Other causes & risk factors are disease like diabetes, viral infection, hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy some medication enhance abnormal growth of gum tissue, poor diet & smoking also induce gum swelling.

Signs & Symptoms

  • Soft & swollen gums
  • Bleeding from the gums
  • Bad Breath
  • Tender Gums

Treatment

Plaque & Tartar are removed by a dental professional. Regular recall visits may be recommended with more frequent cleanings if necessary. Followup procedures carried out by the patient at home some dental problems like crowded teeth badly fitted crowns or bridges may promote plaque accumulation, which needs to be addressed with plaque removal.

Periodontitis

Periodontitis is also known ans pyorrhea when gingivitis is not treated, it can advance to pyorrhea which results in red swollen bleeding gums, increasing space between teeth, loss of bone around teeth. If left untreated results in loosening & subsequent loss of teeth. Other Symptoms include longer appearing teeth, bad breath that won't go away.

Prevention

  • Good Oral hygiene
  • Brush your teeth twice daily
  • Regular dental visits
  • Professional cleaning every 6 to 12 months

Treatment

Depending on the extent of gum disease it requires deep cleaning to flap surgery.

Gum Disease Treatment FAQs

1What are the symptoms of gum disease?
Symptoms of gum disease can include bleeding gums, bad breath, swollen receding gums and drifting teeth.
2What causes gum disease?

The main cause of gum disease is plaque that accumulates in our mouth. This plaque harbours invisible masses of bacteria that live in your mouth. These masses of bacteria produce substance that irritate the gums and causes a reaction that can lead to bone loss.

If plaque not removed, it calcifies into a hard material known as tartar. Once it forms it attracts more bacteria that can cause more damage.

3Is there is a link between gum disease and other illnesses ?
  • Research has indicated that gum disease increases the risk of heart disease.
  • People with diabetes are more likely to have gum disease than people without diabetes.
4Is maintenance required after periodontal treatment
Yes, once the treatment has been completed, maintenance care is essential for future good health.
5Does cleaning teeth make them weak ?
No, it is a wrong understanding that cleaning or scaling makes your teeth weak or it damages the enamel layer of teeth. In fact cleaning improves the overall health of gums.
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